Sexually Transmitted Infections: Scope of the Problem

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Today sexually transmitted infections (STIs) still remain one of the most delicate topics in the area of health and well-being. According to the WHO, over 1 million STIs are contracted daily by people all over the world. There are 30 known bacteria and other pathogens that are sexually transmitted, 8 of which cause STIs. One half of them are curable (chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis), while the other 4 are incurable: human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B, HIV, and herpes simplex virus (HSV). It has been estimated that 357 million new infections of STIs occur annually. In 2017, nearly 36.9 million people were living with HIV/AIDS. 

At any point in time, over 291 million women are living with HPV, while the number of people who have HSV (herpes) exceeds 500 million globally. The majority of STIs have no or few symptoms and often aren’t recognized as STIs.

 

Sources:

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), who.int

Global Statistics, hiv.gov

Worldwide prevalence and genotype distribution of cervical human papillomavirus DNA in women with normal cytology: a meta-analysis, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2017, cdc.gov

 

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